A detailed explanation of the process of importing Chinese products from Australia and the application step by step!

A detailed explanation of the process of importing Chinese products from Australia and the application step by step!

03-22Posted by tradingexporter.com

Import to Australia process

The import shipping process usually consists of ten steps, which mainly depend on the goods and the origin of the goods.


There will be exceptions, which require discussions between the merchant and its national freight forwarder.

1. Departure Port Reservation


After the merchant has confirmed the goods, the first thing to do is to determine the port of departure, for example: from Shenzhen, China to Australia.


2. Customs clearance, loading and transportation at the port of departure


The goods will be cleared at the Chinese customs office, loaded onto the ship and transported.


3. Shipping


The cargo ship sailed towards the Australian port.


4. Issuance of documents


Publish and deliver the required documents to the carrier and/or importer. Documents generally consist of commercial invoice, packing list, quarantine packing declaration and bill of lading. This depends on the customs/quarantine regulations on the goods. For example, second-hand machinery may require additional documents.


5. Arrive at the port of destination


The cargo ship arrives at Australian ports (Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Fremantle [Perth], Townsville [Queensland])


6. Import customs clearance


Import customs clearance procedures are the first important thing after arriving at the port of destination, which will ensure the smooth progress of subsequent unloading and transportation. Australian customs does not require importers to have an import license (equivalent to China's import and export rights), so any company or individual can import goods, but for some special goods, importers may need a permit to clear customs. The customs does not require special documents to be made for customs clearance. General commercial invoices, bills of lading and receipts are all acceptable documents. These documents should contain the following information for customs valuation:


• The name and address of the seller and purchaser;


• A complete description of the goods;


• The name of the vessel (or aircraft) that arrived in Australia with the cargo;


• The country of origin of the goods;


• The packaging of the goods: quantity; number and logo on each piece;


• The quantity of goods;


• The price at which the goods are sold to the buyer;


• The labor costs incurred when the goods are packed into the outer packaging;


• The value of outer packaging; Australia imports Chinese products


• Whether the intellectual property fee has been paid (if necessary), and what is the amount;


• What is the freight and insurance cost of the goods shipped to Australia;


• Any factor that will affect the price of the goods, such as: discounts, rebates, compensation, or other price concessions.


Australian law requires importers to retain import documents for five years from the date of import, because the customs may need these documents for audit, and if the importer fails to provide the required documents, he may face fines.




7. Customs and quarantine


Imported goods worth more than A$1,000 will be subject to tariff and tax assessment. The tax rate is determined according to the classification of items in the customs tariff. The tax rate ranges from 0% to 10%, but the import tax rate for most goods is 5%, unless the project itself is tax-exempt, there is a free trade agreement or there is a tariff reduction. If taxes need to be paid, it is calculated according to the customs value (Cval) of the goods roughly equivalent to the FOB (free on board) price. There are exceptions to this, we ask you to talk about this with your freight forwarder.


The current 10% consumption tax is calculated based on taxable imports (VoTI). This total is the sum of the Cval of the goods, plus tariffs, plus overseas transportation and insurance (T&I). Import consumption tax can be paid at the time of import, or it can be deferred when approved by the ATO. For further information on eligibility and application, please check the Deferred GST Program on the ATO website.


Even if the goods are duty-free, there is still electronic transshipment paid to the importing customs/quarantine agency, which is paid per container. In addition, import processing fees (depending on the value of the seaborne cargo) and quarantine fees have to be paid.


As an island country isolated from the main continent, Australia has fewer diseases than other countries, and its ecological environment is relatively fragile, and it is vulnerable to foreign organisms. In history, Australia has been invaded by foreign organisms many times. For this reason, the Australian government attaches great importance to quarantine. It has one of the strictest customs quarantine standards in the world. The quarantine standards have different standards for different goods, so it is necessary to check the relevant quarantine standards for transported goods in advance. Quarantine activities can be commodity-based or random. It involves the risk assessment of commodity and non-commodity issues (wooden packaging, containers, etc.). ICON is the import conditions database of the Department of Agriculture (DoA-formerly AQIS/DAFF), which can be used to determine whether goods intended to be imported into Australia require quarantine permits and/or processing, or whether there are other quarantine prerequisites. If quarantine is required after arrival, additional transportation/handling, necessary handling or inspection related costs may be required. The shipper must be very careful to avoid contamination of the goods with quarantine risk substances. Imported sea transportation requires packaging declaration, and the letterhead of the shipper must be filled in correctly.


8. Available land at the pier


Once the ship arrives and the container is unloaded, it is recommended to collect all the containers within 3 days, otherwise expensive terminal storage fees will be incurred. Patrick, DPW and Hutchisons operate container terminals in major Australian ports (Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne and Perth/Fremantle). There are some differences between the operators, but they usually need to be booked 3 days in advance.


9. Ship to final destination


The container with the cargo will be shipped to the final destination


10. Return to empty box


Once all the cargo in the container has been unloaded, the empty container must be returned to the terminal as soon as possible.


Customs declaration for imports to Australia


One-stage declaration


Before the goods arrive in Australia, the merchant should proceed with a stage of declaration. The content of the declaration includes: detailed information of the mode of transportation and voyage, cargo information, estimated time of arrival in Australia, etc. Declaring this information in advance allows the Australian customs and inspection and quarantine authorities to implement early risk analysis and speed up the inspection and release. The first-stage declaration of all goods must be carried out through the "Integrated Cargo Clearance System" (ICS) of the Australian Customs and Border Protection Agency. Transit goods and transit goods must also be declared electronically to the customs. The cargo information can be submitted to the ICS system "with the report" before the cargo arrives at the port. After the system receives various declaration information, it will be processed in order when it needs to be processed (except for bonded handling applications, which can only be submitted after the relevant cargo report is submitted). This "early declaration and early tracking" model allows the declarer to declare the goods as soon as possible, realize the tracking of the cargo transportation and declaration acceptance status as soon as possible, know when the goods will be released, and speed up the customs clearance.


Status tracking is mainly divided into three stages: after the submission of the "pre-arrival report"; after the risk analysis of the "cargo report" is completed; and after the transport of imported goods leaves the last overseas port.


1. Shipping cargo declaration




Remarks:


(1) The time limit for declaration of goods transported between ports closer to Australia is shorter;


(2) "Cargo reporter" refers to the person who organizes the transportation of goods to Australia, including ship operators, container space charters and freight forwarders;


(3) If the voyage is shorter than 48 hours, the above-mentioned report shall choose the shorter one among the time limits stipulated by relevant laws and regulations;


(4) "Party related to the cargo" refers to the ship operator, the main agent of the ship operator, the current custodian or the next custodian (porter or warehouse) of the cargo, the cargo reporter, and the authorized customs broker (only When re-exporting).


After the above report is submitted, it will be automatically associated with the relevant report that has been received by the ICS system. The domains that can be associated include: ship's name and voyage, the last overseas port before arrival and the date and time of departure from the port, the port of entry, and the party responsible for receiving the cargo unloaded by the ship in the first time.


2. Air cargo declaration




Remarks:


(1) If the flight time is within 3 hours, the above report should be submitted at least 1 hour before the estimated time of arrival at the first Australian airport;


(2) "Cargo reporter" refers to the person who organizes the transportation of goods to Australia, including airlines, charterers and freight forwarders;


(3) If the flight time is within 2 hours, the above-mentioned report should choose the shorter one among the time limits stipulated by relevant laws and regulations;


(4) "Party related to the cargo" refers to the airline, the airline's main agent, the current custodian or the next custodian of the cargo (cargo station or warehouse), the cargo reporter, and the authorized customs broker (only when re-exporting) .


After the above report is submitted, it will be automatically associated with the relevant report that has been received by the ICS system. The domains that can be associated include: flight number and arrival date, the last overseas airport before arrival and the date and time of departure from the airport, the airport of entry, and the party responsible for receiving the aircraft unloaded at the first time.